December 27, 2010

Document by the Anti-Fascist Committee of Cham Albanians

Document of the Committee of Cham Albanians in exile, on Greek persecution of the Chams, submitted to the Human Rights Commission of the United Nations in 1946.

We, the Anti-Fascist Committee of Cham immigrants in Albania, having faith in the democratic and humanitarian principles of the UN, and acting in the name of Cham immigrants in Albania, do hereby address the Investigating Commission concerning our lost rights, oppression, persecutions and massacres committed by Greek Fascists in order to exterminate the Albanian minority in Greece.

In pursuit of the protests and appeals that we have addressed to the Great Allies and the United Nations, we ask for justice with regard to the following:

For 32 years in succession, Greek chauvinist and reactionary cliques, in brutal violation of every humanitarian principle, and in total disregard of international treaties, have carried out a policy of extermination toward the Albanian minority in Greece.

Beginning with the Greek occupation of Chameria on February 23, 1913, the gang of Deli Janaqi, incited and assisted by the local authorities, massacred without cause whatsoever 72 men, in the brook of Selani, district of Paramithia.

This massacre marked the beginning of the drive to exterminate the Albanian minority, and made clear the orientation of Greek policy toward our population.

The hounding, persecutions, imprisonment, internment, tortures, and plunder carried out on the pretext of disarming [the population] in the years 1914-1921, the terrorist actions of outlaws, and the provocations of Gjen Baire in 1921, reveal the reality of the sufferings to which our population was subjected during the Greek occupation.

Koska, Lopësi, Varfanj, Karbunara, Kardhiq, Paramithia, Margëllëç, Arpica, Grykohori, and others, are some of the villages that paid an especially high price as a consequence of the terror.

In 1922-1923, the Greek authorities decided to displace the Moslem element of Chameria, in exchange for the Greeks in Asia Minor, on the pretext that we were Turks. This shameless act of the Athenian authorities ran into opposition on our part and the intervention of the League of Nations which, upon ascertaining the Albanian nationality of our people, rejected the decision of the Greek Government.

But despite the intervention of the League of Nations, and the solemn commitments undertaken by the Greek Government in Lausanne on 16 January 1923, the authorities in Athens continued their policy of extermination. They resorted to every device to make it difficult for the Albanian element to remain in Chameria, and confiscated 6,000 hectares of land owned by hundreds of families in Dushk, Gumenica, Kardhiq, Karbunara, and others, without compensating them in the least.

The government in Athens settled the immigrants from Asia Minor in Chameria, with the intention of populating it with Greeks and creating conditions that would lead to the emigration of the autochthonous Albanian population.

Entire families were forced to abandon their birthplace and migrate to Turkey, Albania, America and elsewhere, and villages like Petrovica and Shëndellia were deserted completely by their Albanian inhabitants.

Under these circumstances, we did not enjoy any national rights, not even the use of our mother tongue. Fanaticism and ignorance were given support, instead of developing our national culture and stimulating progress. Instead of opening schools, they subsidized religious clubs in the Arab language. Ninety-five percent of our population remained illiterate. The province of Chameria, a fertile and prosperous land, remained backward, without economic development, without communication facilities, and in the hands of money-lenders and monopolists, such as: Koçoni, Pitulejtë, Kufalla, Zhulla, Ringa and others, who impoverished and enslaved the entire region.

In the war against Fascism, and more precisely at its conclusion, the reactionary Monarcho-Fascist forces of Llaka of Suli, which were created by the reaction to serve the occupier under the command of General Napoleon Zervas, turned on and treacherously massacred the Moslem Albanian inhabitants of Chameria.

At that time, when the troops of ELAS [National Popular Liberation Army] and our troops were committed to fighting the Germans, the leadership of EOEA [National Troops of Greek Guerillas], in league with the Germans, maneuvered to gain positions to fight a civil war. And when our forces, in keeping with the spirit and decisions of the protocol of Caserta (Sarafis-Zervas), August 1944, implemented the orders of the Joint Command in pursuit of the Germans, General Napoleon Zervas, commander of the resistance forces in Epirus (ELAS – EOEA), gave orders to massacre the innocent population of Chameria.

The massacres in Chameria were a flagrant violation of humanitarian principles, and a shameless disregard for the principles and the nature of the Anti-Fascist struggle. The massacres in Chameria were a result of collaboration and agreements with the Germans, who in the process of retreating, let Zervas forces take their place. Here is a concrete example of the collaboration between Zervas forces and the Germans. Theodhor Vito, the commander of the Zervas forces in the district of Filat, met the commander of the retreating German forces on 22 September 1944, in the village of Panaromen, 3 km. from Filat, just one day before the entrance of Zervas forces in Filat. Right after that meeting, and even before the German forces cleared out of Filat entirely, the forces of Theodhor Vito entered Filat. That close collaboration strengthened the position of the Zervas forces, and enabled them to initiate the terror and the massacres on a broad scale in all the districts of Chameria.

The forces of the 10th Division of EOEA, under the command of Col. Vasil Kamaras, and specifically the 16th Regiment of that division, which was led by Kranja and his aides Lefter Strugari, attorney Stavropullos Ballumi, Zotos, the notorious criminals Pantazejt and others, entered the town of Paramithia on 27 June 1944. Contrary to their promises and the agreement arrived at between mufti Hasan Abdullaj, on the one hand, and Shapera and the Bishop of Paramithia, on the other, who acted as agents of Zervas, the most ignoble massacres were set in motion. Defenseless men, women and children became targets for the Greek Monarcho-Fascists. The number of the massacred in the town of Paramithia and vicinity reached 600 souls.

On 28 July 1944, the forces of 40th Regiment, commanded by Agores, entered Parga and massacred 52 men, women and children.

The forces of EOEA under the command of Theodhor Vito, Ilija Kaqo, Hristo Mavrudhi, Hristo Kaqo, Hari Dhiamanti and others, first encircled the town of Filat, then on Saturday morning of 23 September 1944, entered the town. The same day they also entered Spatar. They plundered and seized all of the families, and whatever else they found. On the eve of [September] 23 and the dawn of 24 September 1944, there entered also the forces commanded by Kranja, Strugari and others. As soon as these forces arrived, the massacres began. Forty-seven men, women and children were massacred in Filat, while 157 were killed or missing in Spatar, many of whom had gone there from other villages. All of the young women and girls were abused and raped by Zervas criminals. A few days later the Monarcho-Fascists rounded up all of the men that remained, and following the decision of a kangaroo court, consisting of Koçinja – president, Staropull – prosecuting attorney, and four other members, 47 innocent Albanians were massacred. In Granica near Filat are buried the corpses of 46 persons who were slain with knives, and 45 others on the plain bordering the field of Xhelo Meto.

Other families were wiped out, including parents, children and babies in their cribs. Women and young girls were raped. Hundreds of declarations by those who survived, describe the killings and endless suffering. They make plain the crimes and aims of the Monarcho-Fascists in Chameria.

Here are some examples:

Sanie Bollati of Paramithia was burned alive with gasoline, after her breasts were cut off, and her eyes were plucked out. Ymer Murati was murdered and his body was chopped up in Paramithia.

In the house of Sulo Tari had gathered more than 40 women. Çili Popova from Popova, wearing a military uniform, and a group of soldiers, entered the house, seized the prettiest women and girls and began to rape them in another room. The screams of the girls and the women were deafening. This debauchery continued all night. Seri Fejzo, Fizret Sulo Tare and others, were victims of their baseness.

Hilmi Beqiri of Filat was wounded in front of his family and left there, as the attackers took off. Wanting to shelter him, the family brought him over to the dentist Mavrudhiu. He kept him for a few hours, but later sent word to have him taken away. The family then took him to Stavro Muhaxhiri, after which they went over to Shuaip Metja, where many other families had gathered. The Andartes [Greek irregulars] were informed about this, and they went over and seized him, and after pulling his gold teeth with pliers, killed him. Malo Muho, an 80-year-old man, who had been ailing for four years, was butchered with a hatchet in front of his wife. His brain splattered on the lap of his wife, who gathered it together, and after covering him with a quilt, ran away.

Abdyl Nurçe was seized in Spatar and taken barefooted to Filat, where he was dragged through the streets of the town, and finally killed in front of the house of Nidh Tafoqi.

The family of Lile Rustemi from Sullashi, numbering 16 persons, most of them children, was totally wiped out, without anyone being able to survive.

Xhelal Miniti of Paramithia was beheaded with a bayonet over the body of mufti Hasan Abdullahu.

Sali Muhedini, Abedin Bako, Muhamet Pronjo and Malo Sejdiu had their fingers, nose, tongue, and feet cut off, and while they screamed with pain, Andartes of Zervas sang the song of their commander, and rejoiced as they witnessed this scene of terror. In the end, they hung them with butchers’ grappling irons.

The following is the declaration of Eshref Himi, a resident of Paramithia, concerning the massacres in Paramithia:

“On Tuesday, 27 June 1944, at 7 in the morning, the Greek Monarcho-Fascists entered Paramithia, commanded by Col. Kamora, Major Kranja, Captain Kristo Stavropulli, an attorney; Captain Lefter Strugari, attorney; sub-lieutenant Nikolla Çenos, and others. As soon as they entered the city, the order was given that no one should leave, because no one’s honor, liberty or property would be threatened in any way. Immediately in the afternoon, there began the arrest of men, women and children, and thievery as well. By next morning all the men were murdered.

“After imprisoning me for four days, they let me go, so as to bury the dead. On the site called ‘The Church of Ajorgji’, I was able to identify five of the bodies. The others were beyond recognition, on account of the tortures inflicted on them. The five victims I was able to identify were: Met Qere, Sami Asimi, Mahmut Kupi, Adem Beqiri, Haki Mile. Two days later, they sent me over to ‘Golataj’, near the house of Dhimitër Nikolla, where they had murdered eight people. I could not recognize them, because they had cut them to pieces. All around there were corpses of people. A woman by the name of Sanie Bollati was subjected to frightful tortures and burned alive with gasoline. This tragedy took place on Wednesday, while on Friday morning, her body was removed, covered with a blanket by her mother and two townspeople, and placed in a cellar by order of the Monarcho-Fascists, who would not let anyone to see her. The wretched woman died there five days later. By then, her cadaver was full of maggots.

“All of the things I declare here, I have seen with my own eyes. At first, I hid for five days in the attic, but was arrested by the Monarcho-Fascists and turned over to Major Kranja who, after questioning me briefly, ordered that I be imprisoned. In prison I found 380 persons, including women and children. One hundred twenty of them died of starvation. Four persons and me were in prison for 15 days, after which they transported us to Preveza, and from there to Janina, where we stayed for 40 days. There we were subjected to indescribable tortures. We were freed after the arrival in this town of troops of the EAM [National Liberation Front].”

Dervish Sulo from the village of Spatar in [the district of] Filat, describes the massacres in Spatar as follows:

“In the morning of a Saturday in September, 1944, the entire population gathered in front of the (Spatar) village mosque. The soldiers began seizing and raping women, girls, and even old women. Paçe Çulani, 50 years of age, was raped, her hair was cut and even her ears, and finally she was killed in her own orchard, in the vicinity of Muço. In our house was installed the family of Sako Banushi from Skropjona, which numbered eight women, men, and children. After raping the women, whose breasts were pierced with knives, all were massacred….

“In the house of Damin Muhameti, 5 women and 3 children were killed... In the house of Fetin Muhameti, Hane Isufi and another woman were tortured and raped...
In the house of Dule Sherifi, they cut off the heads of 80-year-old Sulejman Dhimicë and his wife. In the house of Meto Braho, 20 persons, including men, women and children, were burned alive... Kije Nurçia, 70 years of age, was knifed to death... In the vineyard of Zule and the garden of Avdyl Nurçe, I saw 20 people who had been massacred. In the house of Haxhi Latifi, the daughter of Haxhi Gulani was raped, while in the dwelling of Mejdi Meto, Hava Ajshja was raped, and Nano Arapi was both raped and killed.”

According to statistics available to date, the victims and the missing among the Albanian minority in Greece, during the massacres in the years 1944-1945, number 2,877, broken down as follows:

Filat and vicinity, 1,286; Gumenica and vicinity, 192; Paramithia and vicinity, 673; and Margellëç and Parga, 626. This was the fate of all those who were unable to flee Chameria, with the exception of a few women who are today living witnesses of the chilling massacres in Paramithia, Parga, Spatar, and Filat. The words that come from their mouths make clear the naked criminality and barbaric acts, organized by the Greek Monarcho-Fascist reaction in Chameria.

This carnage, inspired by the basest sentiments of chauvinistic and religious hatred, resulted in the displacement of nearly 23,000 Chams, who afterward found shelter in Albania under the most miserable conditions.

A total of 68 villages with over 5,800 houses, were seized, destroyed and burned down.

An account of the damages reveals that the Monarcho-Fascist forces of Zervas seized the following assets left behind [by the Chams] in Chameria: 17,000 heads of sheep and goats, 1,200 heads of cattle, 21,000 quintals of cereals, and 80,000 quintals of [olive] oil; plus the produce of the year 1944-1945, which totaled 11,000,000 kg. of cereals, and 3,000,000 kilograms of [olive] oil. During the exodus, 110,000 sheep and goats, and 2,400 cattle died or were lost.

This shows clearly the economic catastrophe that befell our people, which was forced to take the roads of immigration with only the clothes on their back.

This catastrophe happened because our people, together with the Greek people, fought alongside the EAM, rather than join the camp of the collaborationists who were allied with the occupiers.

Chameria contributed materially and morally to the great Anti-Fascist war. Hundreds of young Chams joined the ranks of ELAS, when EAM sounded the alarm for freedom. With the broadening of the Anti-Fascist war against the German occupiers, the population of Chameria threw itself unreservedly into the war against the occupier, and formed the Fourth Battalion of the 15th Regiment of ELAS. Out of the small population of Chameria, stepped forward over 500 troops who fought with determination against the Nazi-Fascist occupiers and the traitors in the camp of Zervas.

The blood of the national hero, Ali Demi, and of the martyr Bido Sejko; and the blood of martyrs Muharrem Myrtezaj, Ibrahim Hallumi, Hysen Vejseli and others, that was shed together with that of the Greek Partisans at the Pass of Qeramica, bears out this fact.

In Chameria at the end of the war, the troops commanded by General Napoleon Zervas operated in our districts and villages not as liberators, but as executioners and sworn enemies of the Albanian element.

In accordance with the Agreement of Caserta (Sarafis – Zervas) in August, 1944, the troops of the resistance were placed on a common front against the Nazi armies, under a joint command, in designated operational zones. This agreement was violated in Chameria. Zervas troops compromised with the Germans, and attacked our troops and obstructed the activity of the 4th Battalion of the 15th Regiment in the zone of Filat. The operations and massacres in the district of Filat are directly connected with this situation, and in open contradiction to the trust and spirit of cooperation established in Caserta. The last village of Chameria, Koska, which was one of the bases for organizing the resistance forces of the National-Liberation Front in Chameria, was destroyed and burned. It was the final action in the destruction of Chameria.

A Committee of the Cham Anti-Fascist Council was dispatched to Athens on 30 October 1944, to meet with the Greek Government of Papandreou, and protest against the massacres in Chameria, as well as demand that they be condemned. The Government of Papandreou refused to take any measures, or commit itself in any way regarding this matter.

Following the operations of December 1944 and the liberation of Chameria from the Zervist occupation, a portion of our population was repatriated and settled in the district of Filat. Then, on 12 March 1945, government forces of the garrison of Corfu, in violation of the Agreement of Varkiza (February 1945), organized and treacherously carried out the vile massacres in Vanar (Filat). This exposed once again the attitude and policy of the responsible authorities of the Greek Government, concerning the extermination of the Albanian population of Chameria.

In the wake of our immigration to Albania, the democratic Government of Albania gave to our masses boundless material and moral assistance. A fund of 240,000 francs was set aside by the Albanian Government for our people, and all-round efforts have been made to alleviate our deplorable condition.

Responding to this situation, the UNRRA Mission in Albania won approval from its headquarters in Washington [D.C.], to dispense 1,450,000 dollars as immediate relief to the immigrants, in view of our difficult situation.

Even in these conditions, Cham immigrants continued to contribute more and more to the Front. At the Conference of Shalës (Konispol), held at the end of September, 1944, the voice of the Chams in exile was raised strongly in favor of collaboration against the occupier, and the injustices of the Greek Monarcho-Fascists.

At the Congress of Vlora on 23 September 1945, the Cham delegates, who represented all the groups of Cham immigrants in Albania, spoke against the massacres that Greek Monarcho-Fascists had perpetrated among them, and demanded by means of memoranda addressed to the London Conference, an inquiry into their problem, and the condemnation of those responsible for the pointless bloodshed and immeasurable sufferings in Chameria. The Congress concluded with a resolution summarizing all of its proceedings.

While in exile, we have many times addressed appeals to the world, regarding the rights that have been denied us, and asked for repatriation.

On 30 October 1944, the Cham Anti-Fascist Council addressed a protest note to the Greek Government of National Unity, the Mediterranean Chief-of-Staff, the Allied Government, and the Central Committee of EAM, discussing the barbaric actions of the Greek Fascists in Chameria.

On 9 May 1945, the Cham Anti-Fascist Council dispatched to the Military Missions a copy of the telegram addressed to the President of the Conference in San Francisco, concerning the rights of the Chams, based on the Atlantic Charter.

On 27 June 1945, telegrams of protest by the Cham Anti-Fascist Council, against the massacres in Chameria, were addressed to the democratic Government of Albania, the Allied Military Missions including the Soviet, the English, the American, the French, and the Czechoslovak; the Yugoslav Legation, and the Albanians in America, Italy and Bulgaria. A memorandum was addressed to Mr. Hutchinson, Labour [Party] Deputy in Great Britain, on 26 November 1945.

Telegrams were addressed to the General Directorate of UNRRA, by the Cham Anti-Fascist Committee (25 September 1945), asking for aid.

A memorandum was addressed to the Presidency of the Conference of Allied Foreign Ministers in London, by the delegates of the Cham Congress, in September 1945.

A memorandum was addressed to the Assembly of the United Nations in London, by the Cham Anti-Fascist Committee, on 11 January 1946, bringing up again the issue of the massacres, and asking for the rights due [the Chams].

A memorandum was addressed to the United Nations Assembly in New York, by the Cham Anti-Fascist Committee on 25 October 1946 and later.

We are victims of the Monarchist regime that reigns in Greece today. Together with the fraternal Greek people, we are suffering the consequences of the dark terror that was inflicted on them throughout Greece.

For two and a half years now, we roam Albania in misery, away from the Fatherland, while our fertile lands are exploited unjustly by the agents of the Monarcho-Fascists in Chameria.

Our travails in exile have been, and continue to be without bounds. Thousands have perished owing to the situation that has come into being.

Despite our protests and the rights to which we are entitled, we continue to live in exile, while the Greek Government, without any justification, is busy settling alien inhabitants in our Chameria, in order to prevent our return.

In the name of our people, we protest once again against all these things, and present before the Investigating Commission of the UN Security Council, the tragedy that has taken place in Chameria, drawing attention to the barbaric acts carried out with the intention of wiping out the Cham people.

We stress the need for a speedy resolution of the Cham problem, and being persuaded that our demands will be met, we set them forth, as follows:

1. That immediate steps be taken to prevent the settling of foreign elements in our homes,

2. That all Chams be repatriated,

3. That all our properties be returned [to us] and all damages to real and moveable properties of ours be compensated,

4. That assistance be given to rebuild our homes and resettle [our people],

5. That steps be taken to insure the benefits that derive from international treaties and mandates, such as the security of civil, political, and cultural rights, and the security of the person,

6. That all persons responsible for crimes committed be tried and punished.

With our most distinguished considerations:


Taho Sejko, Kasëm Demi, Rexhep Çami, Tahir Demi, Vehip Demi, Dervish Dojaka, Hilmi Seiti

Translated from the Albanian by Peter R. Prifti.

December 16, 2010


December 10th marked 62 years from the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a declaration which lay the foundations of the modern legal and political culture in terms of human rights. Greece was the cradle of democracy and freedom of the people in the past; unfortunately the present situation on democracy and human liberties is deeply worrisome.

History shows us that modern Greece was founded by  Albanians, Vlachs and Slavs and was supported by Germans, French and British benefactors, including many other noteworthy people from the Balkans that contributed their blood and lives for Greece’s freedom.  Yet Greek authorities today, in contrary with the international laws, do not recognize any minorities there. In accordance with the Greek legislation, citizenship in Greece is granted only for people that are Christian Orthodox.  In reality as U.S. Congressman, Mr. Christopher Hill declared on June 2002, “in Greece there are Albanian, Turkish, Macedonian and Roma minorities.” A special Albanian minority, recognized by the League of Nations in 1924 lives in a large territory in northwestern Greece named as Chameria or Thesprotia. In view of that, Greece has nothing to fear from its own minorities residing within its political borders. On the contrary, by affirmatively protecting them, it will show that it is a mature, responsible and reliable European democracy. In turn this will show Europe and the global community that Greece is a stable and democratic country worthy of its loaned Euros.  

Speech and expression regarding minorities and non-Greek ethnic and linguistic constituents in Greece is seen as a serious offense; every Arvanite, Vlach, Turkish or Roma activist is subjected to persecution from the Greek state and its “independent” media. Let us recall the well-known Arvanite writer, Aristides Kollia who was accused to be an agent by the national media because he was advocating for human rights of Albanians in Kosovo. Another person that was accused publicly and condemned for unrelated allegations is Father Nikodim Tsarknias, who spoke out about the rights of minorities in Greece.
A critical issue that continues to be unresolved among Greece and Albania is that of the Chameria, also known as Tchamouria. The Chameria Genocide must be publicly acknowledged and accepted by the Greek government. Consequently there must be an establishment of a memorial, in the province of Chameria in honor of the thousands of brutally murdered Albanians. The law on the “State of War” (No. 26/36 -1940), must be rescinded by the Greek side as a legal remedy for the decades-long abuses by the Greek side and continuous impediments for the Cham population to freely return to their properties. Academic professionals in Greece and elsewhere have accepted the Chameria issue as a legitimate issue. Now legal professionals mostly from the area of International Law can work to ensure the legal obligations relating to property and human rights which will be composed of legally subjective requirements related to the repossession of unduly confiscated properties by this state.

Another issue of concern is that of Greece’s reception of refugees. Human Rights Watch has repeatedly criticized Greece’s asylum system describing it as non-functioning, with an acceptance rate of 0.04 percent and a backlog of 45,000 cases. HRW also describes the conditions of migrants in Greece as inhumane. The assassination of a Greek investigative reporter, Sokratis Giolias sparked condemnation from the head of the United Nations agency, which is also tasked with upholding press freedom. She stated, “Violence against journalists constitutes an attack on the fundamental human right of freedom of expression,” she added “It is a direct threat to democracy.” In a later press statement it was noted that colleagues said Mr. Giolias was about to publish a report on corruption.

The resentments of the Greek people have led them to protest out on the streets for every single socio-economic issue that plagues it. At the same time a state-sponsored ultranationalist party condoning attacks on immigrants goes unchecked. As a result of the severe ethnic and religious discrimination and racism, there exist many pejorative associations for Albanian, Aromanian, Bulgarian and Turkish people of Greece.

It is high time that the Greek government shows the needed sensibility and human rights compassion by recognizing the human rights of the Cham Albanians and those of Albanians of Greece. Cham Albanians should enjoy basic human rights originating from international treaties and conventions to which Greece is a signatory and party. They should be allowed to visit and register their properties in Greece without any governmental hindrance or impediment from Greece. The necessity of the protection of human rights of all ethnic minorities of Greece, including those of the Chameria Albanians, is extremely crucial for the regional stability, the administration of justice and the continuous improvement of bilateral relationship between Albania and Greece and the maintenance of the same respect and loyalty of the UDHR as if it were signed today.

The theme for Human Rights Day 10 December 2010 is human rights defenders who act to end discrimination. Human rights defenders acting against discrimination, often at great personal risk to themselves, are being recognized and acclaimed on this day.  Human rights defenders speak out against abuse and violations including discrimination, exclusion, oppression and violence.  They advocate justice and seek to protect the victims of human rights violations. 
They demand accountability for perpetrators and transparency in government action.  In so doing, they are often putting at risk their own safety. Some human rights defenders are famous, but most are not. They are active in every part of the world, working alone and in groups, in local communities, in national politics and internationally.  Human Rights Day 2010 will highlight and promote the achievements of human rights defenders and it will again emphasize the primary responsibility Governments have to enable and protect their role. The Day is also intended to inspire a new generation of defenders to speak up and take action to end discrimination in all of its forms whenever and wherever it is manifested.

The story does not end after 10 December 2010.  The focus on the work of human rights defenders will continue through all of 2011.

December 8, 2010

Çamёria e Cunguar

Rasim Bebo

     Gazeta “ILLYRIA” ёshtё atdheu qё i flet vetvehtes. Porsa e marim nё dorё fillon tё na shpërfaqet Atdheu nga faqja në faqe me njё mori ngjarjesh historike e aktuale, personalitetesh tё shquara tё kohёs sё shkuar dhe tё ditёve tё sotme, vende tё ndryshme me shqiptarёt qё janё tё shpёrndarё nё tё pesё kontinentet dhe pjesa mё e madhe i takon dy dekadave tё fundit. 
      Tё gjithёve kudo qё jemi na bashkon gjuha e ёmbёl shqipe. Vlen tё pёrshёndesim punonjёsit e saj tё pёrkushtuar: botuesi i zellshёm Vehbi Bajrami, editorin e aftё e tё palodhur Ruben Avxhiu, drejtuesin artistik Berat Gashi. Me shkrimet e tyre sa patriotike dhe atdhetare na e sjellin Atdheun mё afёr dhe kjo na bёn ta presim gazetёn me padurim. Megjithёse elektroteknika tё sjell informacionin mё tё shpejtё, prapё Gazetat “ILLYRIA dhe “DIELLI”mbetet shtypi mё i dashur i jonё. 
      Mendoj se vlen pёr tё theksuar se nё gazetёn “ILLYRIA” tё datёs 14 shtator tё 2009 ёshtё botuar artikulli nga Naun Prifti “Shpërngulja e popullsisё çame dhe historia e njё batalioni tё harruar”, nё f.36. Nё kёtё artikull pёr fat tё keq jepet harta e Çamёrisё sё cunguar dhe artikulli nuk pasqyron realitetin, kjo ёshtё temё tjetёr. Mё vonё mё datёn 1 Mars 2010 botohet artikulli nga Amos Dojaka “Çёshtja Çame pёrmes standarteve tё BE-së”, f. 19. Dojaka po ashtu jep njё hartё tё zvogёluar dhe pjesёn mё tё madhe tё saj e quan Greqi. Tё dyja kёto harta i mora nga gazeta dhe le tua lemё lexuesve tё japin mendimin e tyre.  
     Nё kёto dy harta pasqyrohet njё pjesё e vogёl e Çamёrisё perёndimore gjatё bregdetit Jon dhe e quajnë Greqi pjesёn mё tё madhe tё Çamёrisё duke pёrfshirё: Janinёn, Voshtinёn, Dodonёn, Konicёn, Artёn, Filipjadhën, Mecovёn, Grebenenё, Follorinёn, Kosturin.etj.etj.

 HARTA e Naum Priftit (1)

HARTA e Amos Dojakës. (2)

Prof. Selman Sheme citon se Sami Frashёri nё “Fjalorin e pergjithshёm tё historisё dhe gjeografisё” (Kamus ul - Alam), nё vitin 1889, krahina e Çamёrisё bënte pjesё nё vilajetin e Janinёs. Sikurse shihet nё hartën e Çamёrisё vilajeti ndahet nё katёr Sanxhake, i Janinёs, Thesprotisё, Prevezёs, dhe i Artёs, ka 19 kaza, 10 nahije, dhe 1597 fshatra”. (3) 

     Janina si pjesë e krahinёs sё Çamёrisё nё vitin 1913, kur u pushtua nga grekёt, ka patur njё sipёrfaqe prej 12500 km2 qytete dhe fshatra tё banuara me 200.000 shqiptarё tё besimit mysliman, pa llogaritur kёtu shqiptarёt e besimit tё krishterë. Po tё kemi parasysh rritjen e popullsisё pёr 90 vjetë nga viti 1913 deri sot ka arritur mbi 1.000.000 banorё. (4)

     Dijetari Erkhart Janinёn e quan “Kryeqyteti i fiseve çame... Kur dolla pёrballё limaneve tё Artёs shtrihet toka e Pirros, e Skënderbeut dhe e Ali Pashё tepelenёs”. Marksi shkruan: “Duke zotёruar Durrёsin dhe bregdetin shqiptar nga Tivari tek Arta... ai popull flet nё gjuhёn e lashtё ilire qё ben pjesё nё familjen e madhe tё gjuhёve indoeuropiane”. (5)

       Konventat  Ndёrkombёtare do t’i mbrojnё tё drejtat e popullsisë çame, ndaj nuk do tё jetё e largёt dita që, Janina, Mecova, Kosturi, Follorina, Filati, Gumenica, Parga, Preveza, Arta, Paramthia, Margëllëçi, etj do tё jenё pjesё e Çamёrisë. Shikoni hartёn e Çamёrisë tё botuar nё gazetёn “Illyria” date 2 dhjetor 2005. Mbi hartë shkruhet: “ÇAMЁRIA NORTHERN GREECE. Prof. Beqir Meta thote: “Nga pikpamja topografike, Epiri, qё ne e quajmё Çamёri dhe Shqipёria jugore, me qendёr Janinёn, formojnё njё tёrёsi tё pandashme tё pjesёs tjetёr tё vendit tonё...” (6)

    Mëso z. Naum Prifti se Gjeneral Ernesto Tellini u vra pёr Çamёrinё. “Ai synonte tё shtrinte vijёn e kufirit Mecovё, Janinё, dhe nёpёr zallin e lumit Kalama, duke lenё kёshtu brenda kufirit tё shtetit shqiptar tёrё Çamёrinё Veriore me Filatin dhe masivin malor nё lindje tё tij, Shtungarё-Murganё-Vigeё, masiv qё kishte nё vete Janinёn, Korfuzin dhe tёrё ujdhezat pranё tij. Nё kushte tё tylla pushtetarёve tё shtetit grek u mbeteshin dy rrugё: Ja tё linin Janinёn, Korfuzin e ujdhesat jonike nё mёshirёn e shtetit shqiptare, ja nё kembim tё masivit nё fjalё t’i kthenin kёtij shteti Çamёrinё e mesme e jugore, deri nё gjirin e Prevezёs. Por grekёt fshehur dhe pabesisht organizuan pritёn 8 km. pёrtej Kakavjes nё vendin e quajtur Xhepe. Mё 27 gusht 1923 vranё gjeneral Telinin me katёr shoqёruesit e tij. Grekёt si tё pabesё vrasjen ua hodhёn shqiptarёve. Prefekti i Gjirokastrёs (ish kryetari i Vatres) vatrani Kolë Tromara kapi vrasёsit grekë duke e vёrtetuar se kryetari i tyre kishte orёn prej floriri tё gjeneral Telinit, atёhere grekёt e morёn pёrsipёr atё vrasje makabёr dhe zbatuan kёrkesat njё për njё të qeverisë italjane tё diktuara nga kryeministri Benito Musolini. (7) “Tradhëtia e Esad Pashë Janinёs, bёri kapitullimin e shpejtё tё garnizonit tё fuqishёm tё Janinёs, (pёr dy dite, 4-5 mars 1913), la nё duart tё grekёve, Shqipёrisё sё Jugut iu shkёput e gjithё Çamёria” (8). Fjala Çamёri nёn kupton tё gjithё pjesёn e Epirit qё lёngon nёn Greqi pёr afёr njё shekulli. Sot mё shumё se kurrё ka ardhur koha qё kёto troje tё marra padrejtёsisht tё quhen pjesё e Çamёrisë dhe tё bashkohen me tokёn mёmё “Shqipёri”.

Central Greece and Euboea, - ose Greqia e vjeter (palo Eladha)
     Kjo hartë e riprodhuar nga origjinali i marrë nga enciklopedia Amerikane volumi i 13 f. 377 botimi 1828 korigjimi në vitin 1971 tregon shtetin grek që fitoi pavarësinë më 1826 me kufi që kalon në jug të Epirit, të Thesalisë dhe në very te Eubea. Prof. Hasan Kalleshi, shkruan: “Vilajeti i Janinës nuk iu bashkangjit Greqisë duhet lavdëruar Abedin Pashën”. Nga viti 1826 deri në vitin 1913; greku nuk mundi të zgjerohej në veri në territorin e Epirit, Thesalisë, dhe të Maqedhonisë, falë ministrit të jashtëm të Perandorisë Turke, Çamit Abedin Pashë Dino. Konferenca e Londrës, padrejtesisht zvogëloi Shqipërinë nga 115 mijë km2 në 28 mijë km2.

Ismail Qemali, ka deklaruar për këmbën e katërt të Ballkanit,

dhe kjo është Shqipëria Etnike.

1.  Naum Prifti gazeta “Illyria”, “Shpёrngulja e popullsisё came...” 14-9-2009, f. 36.
2.  Amos Dojaka gazeta “Illyria” “Çёshtja çame pёrmes...”, 26-2-2010, f. 19.
3.  Prof. Selman Sheme gazeta Çamёria, “Gjeohapёsira”, qershor 2003, f. 5.
4. “Janina kryeqendra e Shqipёrisё Jugut – Çamërisë” dhjetor 2003, f. 10.
5.  Isuf Bajrami gazeta “Illyria’ “Trojet reale tё Shqipёrisё...”, 29-11-2004, f. 66.
6.  Beqir Meta “Tragjedia Çame”, bot. 2007, f. 94 7.  Ibrahim Hoxha “Viset Kombёtare...” bot. 2000, f.59.
8.  Përparim Rexhepi “Përpjekjet e dështuara…” Gazeta Illyria 3-12-2007- f.49.

December 6, 2010


While the whole world is paying respect to the Holocaust survivors and by having a memorial day for those who could not survive the atrocities done to them, there are still cases which took place many years ago and are still not addressed. The irony of it is that it happened in the territory of a country which is an EU member today.
Following is a brief summary of the Genocide in Chameria and of the Cham Albanian population, an issue that has not found a solution yet and needs to be addressed.

The history of Genocide in Chameria starts with the establishment of the platform of “Megalo-idea” drafted by the Greek Elite since 1844. This platform became the strategic document of the Greek state for expanding their territories to the detriment of the neighbouring people, especially Albanians. The first massive massacre was carried out by the greek terrorist forces in March of 1913 as soon as Chameria was annexed by Greece.
In carrying out this massacre, the Greek forces assembled in a treacherous way the 72 most distinguished figures of Chameria. They disarmed them and sent them off to the location "Perroi i Selanit" where they were massively massacred. No investigative process was undertaken by the Greek state and no one was sentenced for carrying out this terrorist act. This was the beginning of a wave of horrendous massacres which would follow for the next three coming years on the population of ethnic Albanian minority in Greece (imprisonments. killings of people, stealing of properties and forceful displacement of people etc.).
During the 1920-s the forceful displacements of the autochtonous Albanians in Greece reached the number of 50,000 persons and only from Chameria were 15,000 persons displaced. But the climax of genocide and forceful ethnic cleansing was carried out at the end of Second World War. It was led by the bands of the Greek General Napoleon Zerva whereas within 5-6 days in Paramithia and the surrounding villages they beheaded and massacred and killed over 600 women, old people and children. As the Greek historian N. Ziangkou stresses "… all the captured people went through the knife…" - meaning were butchered. Nobody was spared, not even the sick and the children.

From June 1944 till 1945 more than 800 people were killed and massacred in Paramithia, 1288 in Filat, 626 persons in Margellic and Parga and 192 persons in Gumenica. All over Chameria more than 2900 innocent people were killed out of which 214 women, 128 children (out of which 32 were under the age of three). Many women were raped and 78 others were abducted. On the way to Albania more than 2400 persons disappeared. The total number of people who were killed and disappeared is 5277 persons. 68 towns and villages were destroyed, 5800 houses were burnt down and cult and cultural objects (over 80 mosques) were razed down to the ground. Sheep, corn, olive oil, and other assets were appropriated and taken away.
This was the catastrophe on the Albanian minority, which the Greek state does not want to accept for as long as they do not ask for public apology and right the wrong done to this population.


December 4, 2010

Ndarja e trojeve shqiptare më 1913, së shpejti në GJND

Ndarja e trojeve shqiptare më 1913, së shpejti në GJND
Prishtinë, 4 dhjetor – Brenda pak kohësh Gjykata Ndërkombëtare e Drejtësisë në Hagë mund të mblidhet për të shqyrtuar edhe një rast që lidhet me shqiptarët. Në janar të vitit të ardhshëm, drejtori i Qendrës së Prognozave Politike dhe Sociale në Tiranë, Koço Danaj, do ta paraqesë një ankesë në GJND kundër Konferencës së Londrës të vitit 1913, në të cilën u vendos ndarja e trojeve shqiptare.

Në një bisedë për “Kohën Ditore”, Danaj ka konfirmuar se ka mbledhur gjithë materialin me fakte e dëshmi se ajo konferencë, në të cilën u morën vendime në dëm të shqiptarëve 103 vjet më parë, është e paligjshme. Për këtë arsye, profesori Danaj do të kërkojë një mendim të Gjykatës Ndërkombëtare të Drejtësisë nëse Konferenca e Londrës mori vendim të paligjshëm dhe në dëm të shqiptarëve.

“Përderisa na thonë veproni në mënyrë demokratike, ne po veprojmë siç do bota - në mënyrë demokratike. Pra, përjashtojmë dhunën, përjashtojmë luftën”, ka thënë ai duke e vlerësuar Konferencën e Londrës, në të cilën përfaqësuesit e Britanisë së Madhe, Gjermanisë, Austrisë, Francës dhe të Rusisë morën vendim ta njihnin shtetin e Shqipërisë të shpallur më 28 nëntor të 1912-s në kufijtë e sotëm, ndërsa territoret e tjera shqiptare, përfshirë dhe Kosovën, të mbeteshin jashtë. Shqiptarët prej asaj kohe mbetën të ndarë në pesë shtete. Për ta ndryshuar këtë realitet dhe për ta krijuar atë që profesor Koço Danaj e quan Shqipëria natyrale, për çka ka hartuar edhe një platformë dhe një listë në të cilën janë nënshkruar qindra intelektualë shqiptarë nga të gjitha viset shqiptare, në tetor të këtij viti do të kërkojë mendimin e GJND-së. Kush e quajti këtë vendim krim i madh kundër shqiptarëve dhe shumëçka tjetër rreth kësaj në hollësi mund ta gjeni në numrin e sotëm të Kohës Ditore.

December 1, 2010

Çamëria është Shqipëri

Nga Sali Bollati

Çamëria, e banuar që në kohët e lashta me shqiptarë epirotë, shtrihet në pjesën më jugore të Shqipërisë. Me krenari Heroi ynë Kombëtar, Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbej e quante vehten - Mbret i Epirit!

Libri i parë në gjuhën shqipe është shkruajtur në dialektin çam. Dhe vëllezërit tanë - Arbëreshët në Itali edhe mbas 500 vjetësh e flasin sot. Prandaj jo pa kuptim Naimi i madh e quan “gluhë perëndie”. Qeleshen e bardhë të Çamit, e mban jo vetem Labi por edhe Kosovari dhe Ulqinaku, pavaresisht se të kujt besimi fetar i përkasin. 
Atëhere kur turqit ndiqnin Çamët e Sulit, ishte kapedan Islam Pronjua nga Paramithia-vëllam me Boçarenjtë që luftonte bashkë me ata kundër turqve. Trimi lab Rapo Hekali, ne Çamëri gjente strehim, për tu mbrojtur nga turqit kur Gjoleka luftonte kundër turqve në Malin e Melesinit në ndihmë i erdhën trimat e Çamërisë me Kapedan Islam Pronjon. 
Dhe më 1881, ishin trimat e Çamërisë e Labërisë me armë në duar të udhëhequr nga atdhetarët Abdyl Frashëri e Abedin Pronjo, që kundërshtuan vendimet e padrejta të Kongresit të Berlinit e Çamëria nuk u nda nga trojet shqiptare! Dhe Fan Noli perforcon:
                            Në do besë e trimëri,
                            Në do bukë e bujari,
                          Shko në Camëri!
Në vazhdim të shqiptarizmit, çami Rasih Dino më 1918 i shkruan në emër të Vatrës Presidentit Wilson: “..vetëm ndërhyrja  e ushtrisë amerikane do ti shpëtojë shqiptarët e Kosovës nga masakrat e serbëve!” Dhe u deshën 80 vjet për tu bërv realitet!

Dhe sot nipërit e atyre çamëve që ngritën flamurin kuq e zi në Vlorë, që luftuan me armë në dorë për 56 ditë që forcat gjermane të mos futen në Shqipërinë nënë nga ana e Çamërisë, me atdhetarizëm e mençuri ngrihen në Parlamentin e Tiranës për të mbrojtur tokat shqiptare që “politikanët shqiptarë” duan t’ja falin grekëve, nën mbikqyrjen e kishës ortodokse “shqiptare” te Janullatosit. Të atij Janullatosi që fshiu të gjitha shenjat e Ortodoksise Shqiptare të cilat me aq mund e gjak ngritën atdhetarët shqiptarë me Fan Nolin në krye.

Dhe po këta djem çamë shqiptarë me guxim e trimëri ndeshen para ambasadës greke për të kundërshtuar me vendosmëri antishqiptarizmat mesjetare që vazhdojnë edhe sot të mbështeteten nga qarqet shoviniste ksenofobe të Athines zyrtare e të kishes nga është dërguar Janullatosi.

Masakrat dhe shperngulja me dhune e pjeses musulmane te popullsise dhe mohimi i te drejtave njerezore te pjeses se krishtere te Camerise nga ana e shovinistave greke ështe bërë vetëm me qëllim për të mohuar shqiptarinë e asaj krahine të begatë. Dhe mohimi i shqiptarisës së Çamërise sjell me vehte pretendimet absurde mbi Shqiperinë Jugore. Greket duke qene vetë dembela, janë edhe dashakeq për njerezit e kamur. Si në Çamëri po ashtu edhe në fshatrat e Vurgut e të Konispolit, ata në shumicë punonin si argatë në tokat e shqiptarëve. Klikat politike dhe kasha greke për të realizuar pretendimet e tyre mesjetare-bizantine e gënjejne popullin e tyre. Me pasuritë dhe huat e të tjerëve  krijojnë iluzionin e mirëqënies për populin grek. Kështu që mbas “pastrimit” të Çamërisë u shtohet oreksi për tokat brenda kufirit te sotëm shqiptar.

Dhe për çudi njëkohësisht ndjellin jo vetëm mungesën e respektit por edhe ksenofobinë ndaj të tjerëve.
Nëpërmjet kesaj "edukate" ata bëhen bukëshkalë për bamirësitë e tyre. Grekët e dinë mirë që udhëheqësit e luftës për pavarësinë e Greqisë ishin në shumicë shqiptaret suliotë të Çamërisë. Por e mohojnë. Ata e dinë shumë mirë se ishin anglo-amerikanët ata që nuk e lanë Greqinë nën komunizëm. Por grekët i urrejnë ata duke u djegur edhe flamurin.  Ata e dijnë shumë mirë se me kreditë e gjermanëve u shtiren si të pasur, por edhe këtë e "harrojnë."

Grekët e shohin qartë se janë emigrantët që shfrytëzohen dhe punojnë për mirëqënien e tyre. Por ata bëhen xheloz se këta emigrantë shqiptarë me punën dhe zotësinë e tyre po bëhen edhe pronarë atje. Dhe duke pare se femijtë e këtyre emigrantëve janë më të zgjuar se vetë grekët, ata jo vetëm i urrejnë, por në prani edhe të atyre udhëheqesve shprehin mllefin për të mbuluar pazotesinë e tyre. Ska si shpjegohet ndryshe urrejtja e përsëritur në mënyre zyrtare ndaj shqiptarëve, turqve e maqedonasve.
Vetëm keshtu këta farë "udhëheqës europianë" sigurojnë vazhdimësinë fisnore të tyre në udhëheqje dhe trembin qeveritarët e Tiranës se rruga për Europë kaloka nga Greqia??! Ndërsa zagarët e Janullatosit, alla Dhule e Bollano bëhen "profesora" në Parlamentin e Tiranës se pa ndihmën greke nuk u bëka integrimi i Shqipërisë në Europë??!
Kështu që mbas "pastrimit" të Çamërisë u shtohet oreksi për tokat brenda kufirit të sotëm shqiptar.
Për të ndaluar njëherë e mirë oreksin e shovinistave greke duhet të vihen në jetë ligjet dhe vendimet ndërkombetare të mbrojtjes se të drejtave të njeriut.që me paturpësinë më të madhe mohohen nga autoritetet greke.
Genocidi grek ndaj shqiptarëve te Çamërisë të miratuar edhe nga Parlamenti më 1994, njohja zyrtare nga authoritetet greke, dënimi i masakruesve grekë, njohja e shtetësisë dhe pasurive të shqiptarëve te Çamërisë të përzënë me dhunë nga trojet e tyre etnike si edhe njohja e të drejtave si minoritet shqiptar ne Greqi jane disa nga pikat që me shumë të drejtë e përkushtim ngritën deputetët Shpëtim Idrizi e Dashamir Tahiri. Çamëria është krahinë shqiptare dhe si e tillë duhet të mbrohet nga të gjithë ata që e mbajnë vehten shqiptare. Numri 54 deputetë që votuan për Rezolutën Çame më 2004, duhet të bëhet 139!!

Protestuan para ambasadës greke vetem 2 deputetë, ata megjithëse janë bij çamësh protestuan për gjithë shqiptarët-zakon i besës çame; ndonëse në paradën famëkeqe të Athinës, kur si është fjala e popullit: "Stambolli (në rastin konkret Athina digjet), kurva krihet" u shanë e u kërcenuan gjithë shqiptarët.
Prandaj deputetë te nderuar, si përfaqesues të popullit që iu zgjodhi, tregohuni të bashkuar se jeni të denje të mbroni të drejtat e shqiptarëve kudo që ndodhen në trojet e tyre etnike.
Vetëm në këtë mënyrë do ta kemi kuptuar Naimin e Madh: